The magistrates will conduct cases at their current and future duty stations as needed.
Chief Justice Martha Koome has appointed 91magistrates to hear cases involving environmental and land conflicts.
The Chief Justice stated that the magistrates will conduct cases at their current and future duty stations as needed.
The appointments took effect on August 1, and the move is intended to reduce the backlog of land and property disputes, which has continued to grow despite the establishment of the Environment and Land Court, a special High Court division, to deal with such cases in 2011.
The magistrates of the specialized courts have the authority to hear claims relating occupation and title to land, as long as the value of the subject matter does not exceed Sh20 million.
Appeals from the designated magistrate's courts are heard by the Environment and Land Court. The court also has appeal jurisdiction over municipal tribunal rulings.
The National Land Commission, the Business Premises Rent Tribunal, the Rent Restriction Tribunal, the National Environment Tribunal, and the Cooperative Tribunal are among these tribunals (in as far as the dispute relates to land).
The magistrates will also hear cases involving environmental planning and preservation, climate change, and land use planning and borders.
Other disagreements concern valuation, natural resources, compulsory acquisition, land administration, and management.
The Environment and Land Court Act was changed in 2015 to empower the Chief Justice to appoint specific magistrates to sit over cases involving environment and land concerns in any region of the nation by publishing a notice in the Kenya Gazette.